Livestock on organic farms can roam freely and animals only consume certified organic grass and feed. Organic agriculture also involves a high level of uncertainty regarding crop yield and quality. Therefore, organic gardening can also reduce overall waste levels, as more of our waste can be recycled and reused. Consequently, since there will be more insects, pollinating crops will be much easier and more effective with organic agriculture compared to conventional agricultural practices where excessive amounts of chemicals are used.
Organic farmers need a high level of knowledge and experience to ensure sufficient crop yields and control pests and other problems. There is no confirmation as to how these organic pesticides, insecticides and fungicides affect the soil or how long they can remain in the soil, since they have not yet been properly tested for long periods of time. There are concerns that if all farmland were converted to organic, food supplies would be reduced and prices would rise. As a general rule, UN research indicated that organic agriculture has higher prices with lower input costs than conventional farms, which is often offset by lower productivity in the early years.
Organic agriculture can also contribute to the spread of pests and a large part of the yield can be lost due to pests. Therefore, depending on geographical conditions and general circumstances, organic agriculture may not be suitable for some poor regions of our planet. While conventional farmers have their own market for their products, it's not the same for organic farmers. A disadvantage of organic agriculture is that it can be quite expensive to obtain all the necessary equipment and meet regulatory standards to declare and sell your products as organic.
Organic agriculture may also be better for farmers' health compared to traditional farming practices. Organic agriculture is also associated with greater biodiversity of plants, animals, insects and microbes, as well as genetic diversity. Because organic fruits and vegetables tend to grow more slowly, they have more time to develop higher levels of nutrients and other elements that are beneficial to human health. Even if the initial costs are higher, soil over time becomes healthier with organic agriculture and it is cheaper and more efficient to keep the soil fertile in the long term.